21st Century Challenges Facing the Chemical Weapons Convention

In 2020 António Guterres, UN Secretary-General, asserted that ‘the use of chemical weapons anywhere, by anyone, under any circumstances, is intolerable’. However, in the past decade there have been notable uses of chemical weapons (CW) by individuals, terrorists, and nation states, including in Syria, Malaysia, and Salisbury. Since 1997, the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) has been in force to fight against the proliferation and use of CW, but these incidents suggest that there are some shortcomings in the present legislation.