Post-Pandemic: What will happen to cash?

The COVID-19 pandemic had a profound effect on consumer payment habits, affecting the payments sector through expediting transitions from cash to digital or electronic payment sources. Let that be through a sharp shift in purchasing towards online platforms, or credit cards being preferred as a method of payment over cash at physical stores; the change is imminent, and principally in the UK.

What is a Lump?

I encountered the term ‘lumphood’ in 2016 when reading through ‘Substances and Universals in Aristotle’s Metaphysics’ by Theodore Scaltsas. Unfortunately the book provided no further insight into ‘lumphood’, and so I began sifting through various texts which also utilise the word ‘lump’. From Marx’s lumpenproletariat to Virginia Woolf’s short stories, from parenting books to Biblical teachings, from Ontology to Oncology, a lump transcends disciplines and refuses classification.
What exactly is a lump?

Enzyme Hijacking 101

Nothing ruins your morning appetite faster than the stench of spoiled milk as you open the refrigerator door to prepare breakfast. Yet, a fresh glass of cold milk, a heaping scoop of colourful ice cream, or a hearty tub of fruit-filled yogurt are sure to satisfy even the pickiest palates. How do these mouthwatering delicacies become inedible, and potentially poisonous, soups of primordial sludge?

21st Century Challenges Facing the Chemical Weapons Convention

In 2020 António Guterres, UN Secretary-General, asserted that ‘the use of chemical weapons anywhere, by anyone, under any circumstances, is intolerable’. However, in the past decade there have been notable uses of chemical weapons (CW) by individuals, terrorists, and nation states, including in Syria, Malaysia, and Salisbury. Since 1997, the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) has been in force to fight against the proliferation and use of CW, but these incidents suggest that there are some shortcomings in the present legislation.