Enzyme Hijacking 101

Nothing ruins your morning appetite faster than the stench of spoiled milk as you open the refrigerator door to prepare breakfast. Yet, a fresh glass of cold milk, a heaping scoop of colourful ice cream, or a hearty tub of fruit-filled yogurt are sure to satisfy even the pickiest palates. How do these mouthwatering delicacies become inedible, and potentially poisonous, soups of primordial sludge?

21st Century Challenges Facing the Chemical Weapons Convention

In 2020 António Guterres, UN Secretary-General, asserted that ‘the use of chemical weapons anywhere, by anyone, under any circumstances, is intolerable’. However, in the past decade there have been notable uses of chemical weapons (CW) by individuals, terrorists, and nation states, including in Syria, Malaysia, and Salisbury. Since 1997, the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) has been in force to fight against the proliferation and use of CW, but these incidents suggest that there are some shortcomings in the present legislation.